Well what I do is this - not sure what it's called on a medtronic pump so I'll describe it.
A split bolus i just that - some now and the rest later. On mine it's called an Extended bolus.
I don't, I have some now and release the rest of the bolus drip by drip (a bit like a TBR only with bolus instead of basal) over 'X' number of hours. On my Roche pump, this is called a Multi-wave bolus. For whatever reason, this so far has prevented me getting the 'spike' in the middle of the night after I've gone to bed. I'm not quite sure why, maybe because the BG is only being reduced by little bits at a time instead of whamming a huge amount in all at once? And maybe that's a more natural way of dealing with it?
Maybe the pancreas does that, Ooer, high BG alert! - I'll try 0.5u and see what that does? - a bit later, Well, that didn't do it, I'd better lob in another soupcon ... and so forth. And it's just enough to keep your BG OK-ish instead of the body going into full panic mode and having complete hysterics and unable to anything sensible, when its owner tries to hit the glucose with a lump hammer?